Crataegus hawthorns belong to the Rosaceae family, and are common throughout the country as ornamental plants. For herbal purposes, two species are used: single-seeded hawthorn – Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (Lindm.), and Midland hawthorn – Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC., providing two types of medicinal raw materials – inflorescence and the fruit.
Hawthorn inflorescence Crataegi folium cum flore is rich in flavonoids (mainly hyperoside, vitexine, quercetin), polyphenols, catechines and small quantities of procyanidins. Processed products can be used to alleviate symptoms of temporary nervous heart disorders, such as palpitations, only after other serious conditions are excluded. They can also be used in reducing mild symptoms accompanying mental stress and in facilitating sleep.