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Hawthorn Fruit

Crataegus L.

sku-e: E022
standarization: § DER 4:1, DER 5:1
plant part: Fructus
ema:
pharmacopoeia: Ph. Eur. 04/2020:1220

Crataegus hawthorns belong to the Rosaceae family, and are common throughout the country as ornamental plants. For herbal purposes, two species are used: single-seeded hawthorn – Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (Lindm.), and Midland hawthorn – Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC., providing two types of medicinal raw materials – inflorescence and the fruit.

Hawthorn fruit Crataegi fructus has similar composition as inflorescence, yet the components ratio is different. The fruit is dominated by procyanidins and catechins, with far fewer flavonoids. Additionally, the material contains vitamin A and C and sorbitol. Hawthorn fruit has similar effects to the inflorescence, in addition it has diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties. It can be used for preserves, jams, liqueur.

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